Sor Kor Nung
The Sor Kor Nung or Sor Kor 1 is not a title deed and it is the lowest level of property title hold in Thailand. The Sor Kor Nung was last issued in Thailand in 1972 and these cannot be upgraded at all. Unlike the next level in property possessory rights in Thailand which is the Nor Sor Song or Nor Sor 1 which can still be upgraded but still cannot be sold in Thailand.
Sor Kor Nung Title Deed
The two lowest property possessory rights in Thailand you should stay away from and this is why it is important to always do a title deed search before buying any property in Thailand. As stated the Nor Sor 1 can be upgraded but still even when upgraded it still cannot be sold. The Sor Kor Nung simply cannot be upgraded at all. The Sor Kor Nung has very little real rights attached to it and it was mainly used for farm land in Thailand. This allows the person to occupy the land and use the land which in these cases tends to be for farming.
You cannot sell this land or for that matter lease the land. People do however use the occupation documents to trade the land as the holder will be the holder of the land and this land under the Sor Kor Nung can also be inherited. Again speak to a property lawyer in Thailand as this land cannot be sold officially as you can’t get a mortgage bond on this property or register a usufruct against the land let alone superficies. This would be property you would never want to look at as a foreigner or for that matter a Thai national. See title deed in Thailand for more comparisons.
Sor Kor Nung in the news
Note: You could upgrade this land before until the laws changed.
The last time the land was upgradeable was in 2010 when the government changed the laws.
Source: Bangkok Post – 2010
Holders of Sor Kor 1 land documents nationwide have been flocking to local Land Department offices. Yesterday was the last day they could apply to upgrade the documents into land title deeds without seeking court approval. A Sor Kor 1 document shows its holder occupies land in a particular location. Holders of this document have the right to ask for the issuance of a land deed. However, individuals can ask a court to approve an upgrade but this will only be done on a case-by-case basis.
The Land Department says those who failed to seek the upgrade of their Sor Kor 1 documents to land title deeds by yesterday would have to process the upgrading in court. They will have to prove to the court that they occupy the land indicated in their Sor Kor 1 form.The Land Department has been inviting Sor Kor 1 holders to apply for the upgrade of their land documents into land utilisation certificates (Nor Sor 3), or land title deeds, since 2008.
Interesting to see where most of this land is located based on the article from the Bangkok Post. This was the breakdown of the land in 2010.
- Nakhon Ratchasima – 30,000 Sor Kor 1 holders: 20,000 people applied for upgrading to Nor Sor 3
- Buri Ram – 146,000 of a total of 170,000 parcels of land with 146,000 upgrading to a Nor Sor 3
- Ayutthaya – 9,000 holders with only 1,200 applying for an upgrade.
- Phitsanulok – 16,373 holder with only 799 applying for an upgrade
- Yala – 9,823 holder with 7,496 applying for the upgrade
So as you can see there are still this possessory rights out there in Thailand even after the government came people an option to upgrade the land into a proper title deed.